Map of colonial empires throughout the world in Map of colonial empires throughout the world in Map of colonial empires throughout the world in Map of colonial empires at the end of the Second World War, Activity that could be called colonialism has a long history starting with the pre-colonial African empires which led to the EgyptiansPhoeniciansGreeks and Romans who all built colonies in antiquity. The word "metropole" comes from the Greek metropolis [Greek:
Good Writing in Political Science By Henry Farrell on February 16, Below is an essay that I wrote for my undergraduate class last semester, providing them with my doubtless idiosyncratic ideas about how to write good political science essays. Feel free to suggest improvements, point out grammatical errors or typos etc in comments, or indeed to comment generally on good and lousy writing in undergraduate papers.
Some small improvements made Good Writing in Political Science: Had he been, he might have observed that undergraduate political science papers are subject to a different logic.
Really good papers are unique — each has its own particular thesis, style of argumentation, body of empirical evidence and set of conclusions. Really bad papers, in contrast, tend toward a dismal uniformity.
They draw on the same evidence garbled versions of what the professor has presented in classare organized according to similar principles of incoherence, and all wend their eventual ways towards banal conclusions that strenuously avoid making any claims or positive arguments whatsoever.
This short set of guidelines cannot make you into a really good essayist. For that you need time, practice, and native genius.
What it can do, however, is help you avoid some of the most common pitfalls of undergraduate essay writers. You can surely avoid being a very bad essayist, and you can very likely become a better essayist than you are already.
What follows is a short set of suggestions, accompanied, where available, with cautionary examples drawn from online essay mills. Read the Requirements for the Assignment This suggestion may be taken as insulting because it is so obvious; still, it is commonly ignored in practice.
The professor usually drops some very strong hints about what she is looking for when she assigns a piece of writing.
It is best to pay attention to those hints. Sometimes, assignments are ambiguous. Professors too may err. The assignment may be inexactly worded or involve contradictory requirements. In these cases it is obviously best to ask the professor what she is looking for it is often better to ask via email, to ensure that you have a written explanation of what the professor wants that you can refer to later.
Where this is not possible e. Avoid Data Dumps Poor essays very often ignore the question asked in a quite specific way. The student spots some topic in the assignment that seems familiar, and immediately sets about writing an essay which tells the professor everything they know about that topic, in no particular order.
For obvious reasons, such essays rarely receive high grades. Universities encourage or, at least, they should encourage students in the social sciences and liberal humanities to criticize, to analyze, and, ideally, to think.
Mere demonstration that one possesses a disorganized body of knowledge on a topic, and is prepared to inflict this jumble upon the professor in printed or worse handwritten form, suggests that this encouragement has fallen on untilled ground.
Cut to the Chase Undergraduate essays frequently begin with an extended session of throat-clearing irrelevances and vague generalities.
They talk about everything except the question that has been asked. Take this example drawn from a free term paper. The Internet has played a major role in the lives of people all over the world.
Now, it is not limited to just important organizations or governments.
Everyone who owns a computer is logged on to the Internet; and this has made the world seem smaller. No one has to wait for the postman to deliver the mail, but instead one can just connect to the Internet and right away, you got mail. This, like many other essays that I have corrected on the political consequences of the Internet I sometimes teach a course on this topic begins with a paragraph that has nothing whatsoever to say about the politics of the Internet.
Alternatively, students sometimes state and re-state the question in a manner intended to suggest that they understand it, without ever providing anything so provocative as an actual answer.
Should the internet be censored? The internet is a wonderful place for entertainment and education, but, like all places used by millions of people, it has some pecularities that lead to a lot of talking and arguing over, should the internet be censored?
Most of people who use the internet are furious about the censorship on the internet. The issue of whether is it necessary to censor the internet is being argued all over the world.The table below presents an abbreviated geologic time scale, with times and events germane to this essay.
Please refer to a complete geologic time scale when this one seems inadequate. Functions of political parties 16 Political party systems 18 Typologies of political parties 20 Parties and ideologies 24 2. Modern Political Party Management 26 to gain political power and the whole organisation of a party is ultimately subject to .
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers. DIR Atlas AUGUSTUS (31 B.C. - 14 A.D.) [Additional entry on this emperor's life is available in DIR Archives]. Garrett G. Fagan Pennsylvania State University. Introduction Augustus is arguably the single most important figure in Roman history.
The thunder-and-lightning example seems like a bad comparison for this kind of situation, in that the false claim is (1) easily observable to be untrue, and (2) utterly useless to the society that propagates it.
Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback. The 13th amendment abolished slavery and the 14th amendment provided that representation would be determined according to the whole number of persons in each state, not by the “three-fifths” of the slaves.