Data published in Russia presents a different view of their POW dead. It demanded that any Soviet political commissar identified among captured troops be shot immediately. Those prisoners who could be identified as "thoroughly bolshevized or as active representatives of the Bolshevist ideology" were also to be executed. General internment system for Soviet prisoners of war[ edit ] Red Army soldiers, captured between Lutsk and Volodymyr-Volynskyi.
The experience of capture could be humiliating.
Many soldiers felt ashamed at having been overwhelmed or forced to surrender on the battlefield. It could also be traumatic.
Airmen who had been shot down were hunted down in enemy territory after surviving a crash in which friends might have been killed. Sailors might be hauled out of the sea after watching their vessel sink. The Geneva Convention rules - which lay out protections and standards of treatment of POWs - were not always followed, but on the whole the Germans and Italians behaved fairly towards British and Commonwealth prisoners.
Even so, conditions were tough. The men - but not officers - had to work, often at heavy labour.
Prisoners tried to overcome this by staging entertainments and educating themselves. Contrary to the popular myth, most men were too weak from hunger and work to escape.
Those who did get beyond the wire ran the very real risk of being shot. The inscription records that he was captured at Calais on 26 May during the British Army's retreat to Dunkirk. Jewish soldiers and suspected communists were usually shot out of hand.
Held by the Nazis to be racially and politically inferior, they were starved and brutalised. The appalling suffering of these POWs was witnessed by British and Commonwealth prisoners held in separate compounds. By Octoberthe Canadian Red Cross was sending 22, parcels a week.The quality of treatment of German POWs during World War II largely depended on which country captured them.
The United States was known for offering relatively humane treatment, while the USSR is reported to have forced countless prisoners into labor camps where they frequently died. Even among the. Did German prisoners of war during the Second World War in the UK get treated fairly?
Was the Confederacy entirely made up of Southerners during the American Civil War? How racist were northerners during the American Civil War?
Generally, Western POW (British, American, French, German) were treated by their western captors according to the "laws of war", that is Geneva conventions. Of course, there were many exceptions, but as a rule they were treated decently. Although the majority of the estimated eight to nine million men taken prisoner during the First World War survived the conflict, during the war there were a number of serious episodes of prisoner mistreatment. In , Germany captured far more prisoners of war than Britain or France. By , Germany held over a million prisoners of war. During Operation Barbarossa, the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, and the subsequent German–Soviet War, millions of Red Army prisoners of war were taken. Many were executed, arbitrarily in the field by the German forces or handed over to the SS to be shot, under the Commissar Order.
World War 2 Prisoners Of War Regardless of whether you were fighting for the Allies or the Axis, there was a danger of being captured, and subsequently becoming a Prisoner of War (or ‘POW’). It is generally agreed that conditions were overall better for Axis POWs captured by the Allies than for Allies captured by the Axis.
Well there is always the fog of war and just like on the Western Front of the European Theater of the Second World War, prisoners were sometimes mistreated. There were likely instances lost to history of surrendering soldiers being killed . The Treatment of Prisoners of War in World War II S.
P. MacKenzie University of South Carolina In any examination of the treatment afforded prisoners of war (POWs), the Second World War stands out both in terms of scale-approximately thirty-five million military personnel spent time in enemy hands between were being observed and to .
Although the majority of the estimated eight to nine million men taken prisoner during the First World War survived the conflict, during the war there were a number of serious episodes of prisoner mistreatment. In , Germany captured far more prisoners of war than Britain or France.
By , Germany held over a million prisoners of war.