Best known for his reflections on his experience as an openly gay Black man in white America, his novels, essays and poetry make him a social critic who shared the pain and struggle of Black Americans.
Black writers of this period found alternatives to the Richard Wright tradition of angry social protest. Composing poems in a wide range of classical genresWheatley was determined to show by her mastery of form and metre, as well as by her pious and learned subjects, that a black poet was as capable of artistic expression as a white poet.
Poems on Various Subjects provided a powerful argument against the proslavery contention that the failure of African peoples to write serious literature was proof of their intellectual inadequacies and their fitness for enslavement. The poetry and sermons of the Connecticut slave Jupiter Hammon —?
A British citizen who had experienced enslavement in the Americas, Equiano has been traditionally regarded, along with Wheatley, as the founder of African literature in English by virtue of his having pioneered the slave narrativea firsthand literary testimony against slavery which, by the early 19th century, earned for African American literature a burgeoning readership in Britain as well as in the United States.
Recent research, however, has raised questions about whether Equiano was born an Igbo Ibo in Africa, as he claims in his autobiography.
In the absence of scholarly consensus on these controversial matters, The Interesting Narrative remains a pivotal text in portraying Africa as neither morally benighted nor culturally backward but rather as a model of social harmony defiled by Euro-American greed.
In the early 19th century, the standard-bearers of African American literature spoke with heightening urgency of the need for whites to address the terrible sin of slavery. As the prophet of literary black nationalism in the United States, David Walker wrote his incendiary Appeal, in Four Articles; Together with a Preamble, to the Coloured Citizens of the World to warn white America of impending racial violence if slavery were not abolished.
Echoing Walker, who was a fellow Bostonian, Maria W. Stewart, the first African American woman political writer, issued her Productions of Mrs.
Stewart inin which she encouraged black women in the North to take a more outspoken role in civil rights agitation and black community building. Slave narratives In the wake of the bloody Nat Turner rebellion in Southampton county, Virginia, inan increasingly fervent antislavery movement in the United States sponsored firsthand autobiographical accounts of slavery by fugitives from the South in order to make abolitionists of a largely indifferent white Northern readership.
From to the end of the slavery era, the fugitive slave narrative dominated the literary landscape of antebellum black America. By predicating his struggle for freedom on his solitary pursuit of literacy, education, and independence, Douglass portrayed himself as a self-made man, which appealed strongly to middle-class white Americans.
Her work and the antislavery and feminist oratory of the New York ex-slave who renamed herself Sojourner Truth enriched early African American literature with unprecedented models of female eloquence and heroism.
Page 1 of 7.African American literature: African American literature, body of literature written by Americans of African descent. Beginning in the pre-Revolutionary War period, African American writers have engaged in a creative, if often contentious, dialogue with American letters.
The result is a literature rich in expressive subtlety. Write an essay describing race as a theme throughout African American literature. Think about racial identity development as well as racism, and write about how these themes emerge in at least three different works from different time periods.
Acclaimed American poet, author and activist Maya Angelou was born in St. Louis, Missouri in Often referred to as a spokesman for African Americans and women through her many works, her gift. Nellie Yvonne McKay (May 12, – January 22, ) was an American academic and author who was the Evjue-Bascom Professor of American and African-American Literature at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, where she also taught in English and women's studies, and is best known as the co-editor (with Henry Louis Gates, Jr.) of the Norton Anthology of African-American Literature.
Critical Theory and African Literature Today, ISBN , ISBN See more like this. CRITICAL ESSAYS ON AMERICAN LITERATURE SERIES - AFRICAN-AMERICAN By Hazel Mint See more like this.
African Literature: An Anthology of Criticism and Theory (, Paperback).
Critical Ways of Seeing The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in Context. Tools. Email. The Lesson. Students will reread the two published critical essays they compared earlier, History and Social Studies > People > African American; Literature and Language Arts > Place > American;.