Scriptural foundation[ edit ] The roots of confirmation are found in the Church of the New Testament. That pentecostal outpouring of the Spirit was the sign of the messianic age foretold by the prophets Cf.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church states: Guard what you have received. God our Father has marked you with his sign; Christ the Lord has confirmed you and has placed his pledge, the Spirit, in your heart.
Who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Spirit. For he was not as yet come upon any of them; but they were only baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.
Then they laid their hands upon them, and they received the Holy Spirit. Western Church[ edit ] In the Latin Church i. Western Catholic Churchthe sacrament is to be conferred on the faithful at about the age of discretion generally taken to be about 7unless the Episcopal Conference has decided Confirmation sacrament a different age, or there is danger of death or, in the judgment of the minister, a grave reason suggests otherwise.
The sacrament is customarily conferred only on people old enough to understand it, and the ordinary minister of Confirmation is a bishop. Only for a serious reason may the diocesan bishop delegate a priest to administer the sacrament canon of the Code of Canon Law. However, a priest may confer the sacrament when he baptizes someone who is no longer an infant or admits a person already baptized to full communion with the Catholic Church, or if the person adult or child to be confirmed is in danger of death canon Priests typically administer the sacrament during the Easter Vigil Mass to adults becoming members of the Catholic Church.
Priests customarily ask for and are granted permission for this occasion. Bishop anoints young adult by using oil of Chrism In the early Church, through the Middle Ages, confirmation was closely linked with baptism and it was often performed on infants before their first birthday, but in some churches, the minimal age of 10 years comes into play.
Two synods held in England during the thirteenth century differed over whether confirmation had to be administered within one year after birth, or within three years. Some time after the 13th century, the age of Confirmation and Communion began to be delayed further, from seven, to twelve and to fifteen.
This novelty, originally seen as exceptional, became more and more the accepted practice. Thus, in the midth century, Confirmation began to be seen as an occasion for professing personal commitment to the faith on the part of someone approaching adulthood.
However, the Catechism of the Catholic Church, warns: The Code prescribes the age of discretion also for the sacraments of Penance  and first Holy Communion.
Imagery[ edit ] Although Confirmation is sometimes called the "sacrament of Christian maturity," we must not confuse adult faith with the adult age of natural growth, nor forget that the baptismal grace is a grace of free, unmerited election and does not need "ratification" to become effective.
Thomas Aquinas reminds us of this: Age of body does not determine age of soul. Even in childhood man can attain spiritual maturity: For old age is not honored for length of time, or measured by number of years.
Many children, through the strength of the Holy Spirit they have received, have bravely fought for Christ even to the shedding of their blood. Catechism of the Catholic Church The "soldier of Christ" imagery, remains valid  but is downplayed if seen as part of the once common idea of Confirmation as a "sacrament of maturity",  was used as far back asby St Cyril of Jerusalem.
Pax tecum" Then he strikes him lightly on the cheek, saying: Peace be with you cf. However, the French and Italian translations, indication that the bishop should accompany the words "Peace be with you" with "a friendly gesture" French text or "the sign of peace" Italian textexplicitly allow a gesture such as the touch on the cheek, to which they restore its original meaning.
This is in accord with the Introduction to the Rite of Confirmation, 17, which indicates that the episcopal conference may decide "to introduce a different manner for the minister to give the sign of peace after the anointing, either to each individual or to all the newly confirmed together.The Sacrament of Confirmation confers special graces of the Holy Spirit upon the person being confirmed, just as such graces were granted to the Apostles on Pentecost.
Like Baptism, therefore, it can only be performed once, and Confirmation increases and deepens all of the graces granted at Baptism. Just as bodies and minds grow, Catholics believe that the soul also needs to grow in the life of grace. The sacrament of Confirmation builds on the sacraments of Baptism, Penance, and Holy Communion, completing the process of initiation into the Catholic community.
(Note: The Byzantine Church confirms (or chrismates) at Baptism and . Feb 10, · This video focuses on Confirmation, explaining the connection to Pentecost, the special outpouring of the Holy Spirit .
The sacrament of confirmation completes the sacrament of baptism. If baptism is the sacrament of re-birth to a new and supernatural life, confir- mation is the sacrament of maturity and coming of age.
Confirmation is the sacrament by which Catholics receive a special outpouring of the Holy Spirit. Through Confirmation, the Holy Spirit gives them the . While Confirmation is a distinct and complete sacrament in its own right, its purpose is to perfect in us that which was begun in Baptism.
We might say—in a sense—that we are baptized in order to be confirmed.